Effects of Swedish traffic safety research 1971-2004

Effects of Swedish traffic safety research 1971-2004


Rune Elvik, Marika Kolbenstvedt, Lasse Bræin, Beate Elvebakk, Arild Hervik


Vinnova Analys

Report nr:

VA 2007:10


978-91-85084-83-8 / 1651-355X

Publication type:


Page number:

Traffic accidents are a major social problem. Costs for killed and injured in 2005 have been estimated to exceed 29 billions Swedish crowns. To this number should be added considerable human pain.
However, the ongoing development as regards traffic safety is positive. During the period 1970 – 2004, the number of killed per year has been reduced to one third, from 1307 to 440 per year, despite the fact that the amount of traffic has more than doubled in this period. This positive development includes unprotected road-users as well as drivers and passengers in vehicles. Furthermore, there are no signs that this positive development should not continue.
The present impact analysis demonstrates that research on traffic safety has had great importance for the increase of traffic safety. At the same time, it has formed the basis for considerable commercial success within the automotive industry.
For summary in English see/För engelsk sammanfattning se VINNOVA Analysis VA 2007:09
For summary in Swedish see/För svensk sammanfattning se VINNOVA Analys VA 2007:08
For main report in Norwegian see/För huvudrapport på norska se VINNOVA Analys VA 2007:07